# 4. Tic-tac-toe for Mono, part II¶

In the first part, you saw how to get Mono to draw on the screen and how to react to touch input.

In this second part, I will show you how to use timers to turn Mono into an intelligent opponent!

## Growing smart¶

To get Mono to play Tic Tac Toe, I will need to give it a strategy. A very simple strategy could be the following:

1. Place a token on an empty field if it makes Mono win.
2. Place a token on an empty field if it blocks the human opponent from winning.
3. Place a token arbitrarily on an empty field.

Well, it is not exactly Skynet, but it will at least make Mono appear to have some brains. In code it translates to the following.

void AppController::autoMove ()
{
timer.Stop();
// Play to win, if possible.
for (uint8_t x = 0; x < 3; ++x)
for (uint8_t y = 0; y < 3; ++y)
if (board[y][x] == _)
{
board[y][x] = O;
if (hasWinner()) return continueGame();
else board[y][x] = _;
}
// Play to not loose.
for (uint8_t x = 0; x < 3; ++x)
for (uint8_t y = 0; y < 3; ++y)
if (board[y][x] == _)
{
board[y][x] = X;
if (hasWinner())
{
board[y][x] = O;
return continueGame();
}
else board[y][x] = _;
}
// Play where free.
for (uint8_t x = 0; x < 3; ++x)
for (uint8_t y = 0; y < 3; ++y)
if (board[y][x] == _)
{
board[y][x] = O;
return continueGame();
}
}
}


The timer is what controls when Mono should make its move; it is a Mono framework Timer that can be told to trigger repeatedly at given number of milliseconds. I will make the application fire the timer with 1.5 second intervals:

class AppController
...
{
...
private:
mono::Timer timer;
void autoMove ();
void prepareNewGame ();
};

AppController::AppController ()
:
timer(1500)
{
...
}


I will control the application by telling timer to call various functions when it triggers, and then stop and start the timer where appropriate. Conceptually, I can simply tell timer to call a function autoMove by

timer.setCallBack(autoMove);


but because autoMove is a C++ class member-function, I need to help out the poor old C++ compiler by giving it information about which object has the autoMove function, so the incantation will actually be

timer.setCallback<AppController>(this,&AppController::autoMove);


With that cleared up, I can place the bulk of the control in the continueGame function:

void AppController::continueGame ()
{
updateView();
whosMove();
if (hasWinner())
{
if (winner() == X) topLabel.setText("You win!");
else topLabel.setText("Mono wins!");
timer.setCallback<AppController>(this,&AppController::prepareNewGame);
timer.Start();
}
else if (nextToMove == _)
{
topLabel.setText("Tie!");
timer.setCallback<AppController>(this,&AppController::prepareNewGame);
timer.Start();
}
else if (nextToMove == X)
{
topLabel.show();
}
else
{
topLabel.setText("Thinking...");
timer.setCallback<AppController>(this,&AppController::autoMove);
timer.Start();
}
}


All that is missing now is a prepareNewGame function that prompts for a new game:

void AppController::prepareNewGame ()
{
timer.Stop();
topLabel.setText("Play again?");
}


And that is it! Now you can let your friends try to beat Mono, and when they fail, you can tell them that you created this master mind.